Xenomystus nigri (Günther, 1868) Recherche rapide

Attributs

  • DISTRIBUTION: Lien Faunafri
  • Bioaccumulation/pollution : Obasohan & Oronsaye, 2009 .
  • Biogeography / geographic variation : Barby et al., 2018 .
  • Chromosomes : Barby et al., 2018 | Barby et al., 2019 | Sola et al., 1981 | Uyeno, 1973 | Vasil'ev, 1980 .
  • Colour pattern : Bigorne, 1990d | Bigorne, 2003c | Hopkins, 2007 .
  • Common names : Canda planty (Creole, English: Cameroon), Nozovec africky / Nozovec cerny : Xenomystus africky (Czech), Barrygget knivbladfisk (Danish), African knife fish / African knife-fish / African knifefish / False featherback (English), Must ebasulgselg (Estonian), Nfabla (Fang: Gabon), Teräkala (Finnish), Poisson couteau (French), Afrikanischer Messerfisch (German), Dolajo (Hausa: Nigeria), Ipelepele (Ijo: Nigeria), Bele bunyi (Kanuri: Nigeria), Imbeembe / Loembe [Kele (Ya Okandja): Democratic Republic of the Congo], Mamafirgo / Momafrigo (Kim: Chad), Fak / K-bopoh / Patapan (Krio: Sierra Leone), K-bopoh (Limba, west-central: Sierra Leone) | Lombembe [Lombo (Olombo): Democratic Republic of the Congo], Patapen (Mende: Sierra Leone), Bantala (Nupe: Nigeria), Brzeszczotek czarny (Polish), Ksenomist (Russian), Lombembe [So (Eso): Democratic Republic of the Congo], Afrikansk knivfisk (Swedish), Fak (Themne: Sierra Leone), Felefele (Yoruba: Nigeria) .
  • Current distribution known : widely distributed in tropical Africa, in the Nile, Chad, Niger, Ogowe and Congo basins. Also present in coastal rivers in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Togo, Benin and Cameroon, but not found in Côte d'Ivoire nor Ghana .
  • Distribution_references : Bigorne, 1990d | Bigorne, 2003c | Hopkins, 2007 | Roberts, 1992 .
  • Electrophysiology : Bullock & Northcutt, 1982 .
  • Experimentation : Sanford, 2001 .
  • Food habits : feeds at dusk and during the night on worms, crustaceans, insects and snails .
  • Food habits_references : Sanford, 2001 .
  • Genetics : Lavoué & Sullivan, 2004 .
  • Habitat : prefers quiet waters with vegetation .
  • Locomotion / swimming : Domenici & Blake, 1997 .
  • Morphology / anatomy : Bigorne, 1990d | Bigorne, 2003c | Greenwood, 1963c | Greenwood, 1971b | Greenwood, 1973c | Greenwood, 1976b | Hopkins, 2007 | Nelson, 1969 | Nelson, 1972 | Roberts, 1992 | Sanford, 2001 | Taverne, 1978 | Taverne, 1979 .
  • Phylogeny : Lavoué & Sullivan, 2004 .
  • Physiology : Sanford, 2001 | Weinstock, 1983 .
  • Reproduction : females lay 150-200 eggs of 2 mm diameter .
  • Reproduction_references : Olurin & Odeyemi, 2010 .
  • Size : 300 mm SL .
  • Types :
    • Notopterus nigri Günther, 1868: 481. Type locality: "River Niger". Holotype BMNH 1852.2.22:18.
    • Notopterus (Xenomystus) nili Steindachner, 1881: 196, pl. 4, fig. 2. Type locality: "Bahr el Gebel", Nile River. MSNG 17590; NMW 70402-05, 75794, SMF 816 (ex NMW).
  • Use and trade : commercial importance as an aquarium fish .