Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Recherche rapide

Attributs

  • DISTRIBUTION: Lien Faunafri
  • Anatomy : Sorensen, 1883 .
  • Aquaculture_farming : De Kimpe & Micha, 1974 | Delincé, 1977 a | El Bolock, 1975 a, 1975 b | Hecht, 1981 | Hogendoorn, 1977 | Hogendoorn, 1979 | Hogendoorn, 1980 | Hogendoorn, 1981 | Hogendoorn & Vismans, 1980 | Hogendoorn & Wieme, 1975 | Micha, 1975 b | Micha, 1975 c | Richter, 1976 .
  • Behaviour_ethology : Donnelly, 1973 .
  • Current distribution known : the species shows an allmost Pan-African distribution. It occurs in the Nile, in rivers of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, in the East African lakes, in lakes Tanganyka and Malawi, in the Zambezi system, in the Pungue, Save and Limpopo rivers in the Orange river in the Okavango, the Cunene and the Quanza, in the Congo system, in the Chad basin, the Niger system, in coastal rivers of Benin Republic, Togo and Ghana, in the Volta system and in the Senegal system (see Bruton & Teugels, 1984). Occurs also in Minor .
  • Ecology : Bell-Cross, 1976 d | Bruton, 1977, 1979 c, 1979 d | Crass, 1963 c | Jubb, 1965 b | Williams, 1971 | Willoughby & Tweddle, 1978 .
  • Fisheries : Awachie, 1979 | Bailey, 1966 | Kiss, 1977 | Kudhongania, 1972 | Kudhongania & Cordone, 1974 a | Lévêque, 1979 | Mann, 1965, 1966, 1967 | Miton, 1966 | Stauch, 1977 | Tobor, 1973 .
  • Food habits : Bruton, 1979 c | Carey, 1968 | Clay, 1979 a | El Bolock, 1960 | Pham, 1976 | Sandon & Amin al Tayib, 1953 | Whitefield & Blaber, 1978 .
  • Growth : Bishai, 1976 | Bruton, 1976 d | Bruton & Allanson, 1980 | Clay, - 1982 | El Bolock, 1972 .
  • Habit_ref : Bruton, 1978, 1979 e | Donnelly, 1973 | Donnelly, 1978 .
  • Osteology : Monod, 1968 b | Nawar, 1954 .
  • Physiology : Abdel Magid & Babiker, 1975 | Al Gauhari, 1958, 1959 | Babiker 1979 | Moussa, 1957 .
  • Population biology : Clay, 1979 a .
  • Reproduction : Aboul Ela, Amer & El Bolock, 1973 | Achten, 1981 | Albaret, 1979 | Bruton, 1979 b | Carey & Bell-Cross, 1967 | Clay, 1979 b | Gaigher, 1977 | Holl, 1966, 1968 | Nugent, 1976 .
  • Size : 1500 mm TL .
  • Types :
    • CIarias malaris: Nichols & Griscom, 1917: 705, fig. Type locality: "Stanleyville, Republic of Congo". Holotype AMNTH n° 6.441.
    • Clarias capensis Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840: 377. Type locality: "Cap de Bonne-Espérance" (erroneous locality). Holotype MNHN n° A-9431.
    • Clarias depressus: Myers, 1925: 12. Type locality "Ca. 6 km W of Addagalla, Abano river, Abyssinia". Holotype AMNH n° 8.204; paratype AMNH n° 20.934 (1).
    • Clarias guentheri Pfeffer, 1896: 28. Type locality: "Sansibar". No type material.
    • Clarias lazera Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840: 372. Type locality: "Nil". Holotype MNHN n° 1.578.
    • Clarias longiceps Boulenger, 1899 g: 103, fig. Type locality: "Marais de Boma, Congo". Syntypes MRAC n° 902-922 (21) & BMNH n° 1899.11.27: 15-17 (3).
    • Clarias macracanthus Günther, 1864 a: 16. Type locality: "Nile". Syntypes BMNH n° 1855.12.26: 453 & BMNH n° 1862.6.17: 51.
    • Clarias microphthalmus Pfeffer, 1896: 28. Type locality: "Mbake, Ugogo, Bubu, Deutsch Ost-Afrika". Holotype ZMHU no 7.996.
    • Clarias moorii: Boulenger, 1901 d: 13. Type locality: "Lake Albert Nyanza". Holotype BMNH n° 1906.9.7: 47.
    • Clarias mossambicus Peters, 1852: 681. Type locality: "Tette, Mozambique". Syntypes (2) ZMHU n° 6.591-6.592.
    • Clarias notozygurus: Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922: 125, fig. 3-4. Type locality: "Lukosi, a tributary to Luala, Lower Congo". Holotype NRMS n° 9.933.
    • Clarias orontis Günther, 1864 a: 15. Type locality: "Orontes". Holotype BMNH n° 1855.6.25: 3.
    • Clarias robecchii Vinciguerra, 1893: 450. Type locality: "Uebi Scebeli, Somalia". Syntypes MSNG n° 8.138 (2).
    • Clarias smithii Günther, 1896 c: 219, fig. Type locality: "Uebi Shebeli, Somaliland". Holotype BMNH n° 1895.12.31: 65.
    • Clarias syriacus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840: 375. Type locality: "Syrie". Holotype MNHN n° A-9426.
    • Clarias tsanensis: Boulenger, 1902 f: 438. Type locality: "Lake Tsana, Abyssinië". Syntypes BMNH n° 1902.12.13: 441-443 (3).
    • Clarias vinciguerrae: Boulenger, 1902 f: 438. Type locality: "Awhorra, Kassam river, Abyssinia". Holotype BMNH n° 1902.12.13: 444.
    • Clarias xenodon: Günther, 1864 a: 16. Type locality: "West Africa (Niger)". Holotype BMNH n° 1863.7.20: 2.
    • Macropteronotus anguillaris (part.): Rüppell, 1829: 5. Type locality: "Nil".
    • Macropteronotus charmuth (part.) Lacépède, 1803: 84. Type locality: "Nil". No type material.
    • Silurus (Heterohranchus) gariepinus Burchell, 1822: 425, fig. XVII. Type locality: "Banks of the Gariep". (= Orange). Neotype (designated by Bruton & Teugels, 1984).