Heterobranchus longifilis Valenciennes, 1840 Recherche rapide

Attributs

  • DISTRIBUTION: Lien Faunafri
  • Aquaculture_farming : Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 .
  • Aquariology : Seegers, 2008 .
  • Behaviour : most active at night .
  • Chromosomes : Klinkhardt et al., 1995 | Teugels et al., 1992a | Teugels et al., 1992b .
  • Colour pattern : Seegers, 1996 | Seegers, 2008 | Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 | Teugels, 1992a | Teugels, 2003a | Teugels et al., 2007 .
  • Common names : Fusan (Nupe: Nigeria), Vundu (Nyanja: Malawi), Nhumi (Sena: Mozambique), Coro (Shilluk: Sudan), Su (So: Republic Democratic of the Congo), Pondo (Swahili: Republic Democratic of the Congo), Pondo / Vundu (Swahili: Tanzania), Labe (Turkana: Kenya), Biblique (Wolof: Senegal), Aso (Yoruba: Nigeria), Ngaru (Zande: Sudan) | Vundu (Afrikaans), Surta (Arabic), Sampa / Vundu (Bemba: Zambia), Lenda / Tshota mualwa (Chokwe: Angola), Vundu-malle (Danish), Cur (Dinka, Northeastern: Sudan), Catfish / Sampa / Vundu (English), Wonyi (Ewe: Ghana), Oliiviahmattimonni / Viiksiankeriasmonni (Finnish), Denor (Ga: Ghana), Ramboshi (Hausa: Nigeria), Azu isii (Igbo: Nigeria), Toruye (Ijo: Nigeria), Kairo (Kanuri: Nigeria), Isu / Lifo / Lifonde / Sumi (Kele: Republic Democratic of the Congo), Giyoko / Seega (Mooré: Burkina Faso) .
  • Current distribution known : a very wide-ranging uncommon species with an almost Pan-African distribution .
  • Fisheries : Marshall, 2011 .
  • Food habits : feeding on any available food, including invertebrates and insects when small, fish and other small vertebrates when large; scavenges off large carcasses and offal from riverside villages .
  • Food habits_references : Marshall, 2011 | Sandon & Amin al Tayib, 1953 | Seegers, 1996 | Seegers, 2008 | Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 | Teugels et al., 1990 .
  • Growth : Marshall, 2011 .
  • Habitat : uncommon species which inhabits large rivers. Largest freshwater species in southern Africa; occurs in large deep rivers within the mainstream or in deep pools and lakes or backwaters .
  • Habitat_references : Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 | Teugels et al., 1990 .
  • Life span : lives for 12 or more years .
  • Morphology : Marshall, 2011 | Seegers, 1996 | Seegers, 2008 | Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 | Teugels, 1992a | Teugels, 2003a | Teugels et al., 2007 .
  • Parasites : Marshall, 2011 .
  • Physiology : Legendre, 1986 .
  • Reproduction_references : Inyang et al., 1997 | Marshall, 2011 | Seegers, 1996 | Seegers, 2008 | Skelton, 1993 | Skelton, 2001 .
  • Size : 1500 mm TL, 55.0 kg .
  • Types :
    • Clarias loangwensis Worthington, 1933b: 46, fig. Type locality: Loangwa River, Zambezi River system, southeastern Africa, elevation 1350 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1932.12.16.501.
    • Heterobranchus laticeps Peters, 1852: 682. Type locality: "Tette, Boror (Mossambique)". Holotype ZMHU.
    • Heterobranchus longifilis Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840: 395. Type locality: "Nil (Egypte)". Holotype MNHN n° B.273.
    • Heterobranchus platycephalus Nichols & LaMonte, 1934: 2, fig. 2. Type locality: "Luluabourg, Kasaï District, Belgian Congo". Holotype AMNH n° 12.356.
  • Use and trade : harvested for human consumption and has been introduced into aquaculture. It is a popular angling target in the Zambezi River .
  • Zoological_nomenclature : Teugels et al., 1990 .