Schilbe mystus (Linnaeus, 1758) Recherche rapide

Attributs

  • DISTRIBUTION: Lien Faunafri
  • Aquariology : Seegers, 2008 .
  • Colour pattern : De Vos, 1992 | De Vos, 1995 | De Vos, 2003 | De Vos, 2007 | Seegers, 2008 .
  • Common names : Hopeamonni / Viherkuultomonni / Vihertäplälasimonni (Finnish), Tasaa (Ga: Ghana), Balo / Harya / Nalanga (Hausa: Nigeria), Bou-anyi (Ijo: Nigeria), Gari / Siyegwe (Jula: Burkina Faso), Bambui (Kanuri: Nigeria), Badigiri / Doring / Let / Longre / Zare (Kim: Chad), Zeza [Lwena (Luena): Angola], Tidga (Mòoré: Burkina Faso), Aglung (Nubian: Sudan), Elangi (Nupe: Nigeria), Dande [Nyanja (Chichewa): Malawi], Mtanda / Nembe (Swahili), Silvermal (Swedish), Khèle (Wolof: Senegal), Asan (Yoruba: Nigeria), Nzengenzenge (Zande: Sudan) | Tasaa (Adangme: Ghana), Botter-baber / Botterbaber / Silwerbaber (Afrikaans), Shilba arabie / Shilba seefarea / Shilbaya aravbia / Umm dankis (Arabic: Sudan), Impata / Lupata (Bemba: Zambia), Kanzema [Chokwe (Tshokwe): Angola], Afrikansk smørmalle (Danish), Atyeno / Cur / Then [Dinka, Northeastern (Dinka and Nuer): Sudan], African butter catfish / African glass catfish / Butter barbell / Butter catfish / Butter fish / Butterfish / Lubangu / Mystus catfish / Silver barbell / Silver catfish (English), Gada-sagbadakoe / Gada-sofla (Ewe: Ghana) .
  • Current distribution known : a nilo-sudanian species known from the Nile basin and in West Africa from the Senegal River eastwards to the Cross, Wouri and Sanaga River, including the Chad basin .
  • Distribution_references : De Vos, 1992 | De Vos, 1995 | De Vos, 2003 | De Vos, 2007 | Seegers, 2008 .
  • Food habits : feeds on a wide variety of foods including fish, insects, shrimps, snails, plant seeds, and fruit .
  • Food habits_references : Adiase, 1969 | Boulenger, 1907 l | De Vos, 1995 | Greenwood, 1957 b | Greenwood, 1966 a | Lauzanne, 1976 | Lewis, 1974 b | Olatunde, 1978 b | Pekkola, 1919 | Sandon & Amin al Tayib, 1953 | Seegers, 2008 | Trewavas & Irvine in Irvine, 1947 .
  • Genetics : Abban & Skibinski,1988 .
  • Growth / growth performance : Ayoade, 2007 | De Vos, 1995 .
  • Habitat : lacustrine as well as fluviatile species, confined to lakes and moderate to large rivers; shoals in standing or slowly flowing open water with emergent or submerged vegetation; generally more active at night or in subdued light .
  • Habitat_references : De Vos, 1995 .
  • Morphology / anatomy : De Vos, 1992 | De Vos, 1995 | De Vos, 2003 | De Vos, 2007 | Seegers, 2008 .
  • Osteology : De Vos, 1995 | Diogo et al., 2004 .
  • Parasites : De Vos, 1995 .
  • Reproduction : generally reproduction takes place once a year during the wet season; often important spawning migrations occur .
  • Reproduction_references : Breder & Rosen, 1966 | De Vos, 1995 | Seegers, 2008 .
  • Size : 350 mm SL, 450 mm TL .
  • Types :
    • Bagrus adansonii Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1839: 391, pl. 414. Type locality: "Sénégal". Holotype MNHN n° A-8670.
    • Bagrus schilbeides Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1839: 389. Type locality: "Nil, Egypt". Syntypes (2) MNHN n° B-600-601.
    • Eutropius altipinnis Steindachner, 1895 a: 57, pl. 1. Type locality: "St Paul Flusse, bei Soforeh Place", Liberia. Syntypes (3) RMNH n° 5397 and NMW (1) n° 46.501.
    • Eutropius obtusirostris Günther, 1864 a: 53. Type locality: unknown ("India" was erroneously indicated as the type locality). Syntypes (2) BMNH n° 1842.3.26: 28-29| Boulenger, 1901 q: 267 (synonymy with Eutropius niloticus).
    • Hypophthalmus niloticus Rüppell, 1829: 6, pl. 1, fig. 1. Type locality: "Nil". Syntypes BMNH n° 1850.7.29: 16 and SMF n° 752, 2637, 6050 6051 and 6053.
    • Schilbe hasselquistii Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1839: 377. Type locality: "Nil". Holotype MNHN n° B.599.
    • Silurus mystus Linnaeus, 1758: 305. Type locality: "In Nilo".
  • Use and trade : flavoured fish harvested for human consumption; also used as an aquarium fish .
  • Zoological_nomenclature : De Vos, 1992 | De Vos, 1995 | De Vos, 2003 | Seegers, 2008 .